The word Canada is derived from the Huron-Iroquois Kanata, which means a village or settlement. Canada is a country in North America and shares a vast border with the United States in the south and Alaska in the northwest. It is the second-largest country in the world. Its ten provinces and three territories extend from the Atlantic to the Pacific and northward to the Arctic Ocean. Its southern and western border with the United States. Ottava is the capital of Canada and its three largest metropolitan areas are Toronto, Montreal, and Vancouver. Apart from Canada’s size, it is one of the sparsely populated countries. Canada is officially bilingual in English and French. The name Canada was fully restored after 1791 when Britain divided old Quebec into upper and lower Canada.
UK has a combination of both publicly-and-privately owned companies. Since the 1980s, the government has worked to privatize most state-owned enterprises but unemployment concerns and public opposition have slowed the future privatization plans. Industries that are owned by the government include railways, ship building, and some steel companies. The major part of the uk industry include energy, mining, manufacturing, and construction. Energy is the net exporting sector of the UK. The UK has abundant reserves of gas, coal, and atomic power. Energy resources are mainly concentrated in the North Sea. There are currently 100 active oil and natural gas fields.
The country includes a number of international firms, such as Texaco, Phillips Petroleum, and Chevron. The main energy source is oil. Due to the depletion of stocks of various minerals the mining minerals have declined over the past thirty years. The main mineral that is still being mined is lead and tin. Production of refined metals such as aluminum and steel are significant in the country. The United Kingdom has substantial production of minerals used for construction such as clay, kaolin, and gypsum. Britain is the major cement producer. Blue circle cement and castle cement companies controls 75 percent of the market in the country. Europe’s largest steel producer is British Steel wit revenues of US$12 billion. The country produces about 13 million metric tons of steel per year.
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